Fetal Monitoring is an effective way for the care providers to use tools to monitor and interpret the heart rate of the baby（fetus）during late pregnancy and labor. It enables to check on the status and condition of the baby (fetus), which is especially helpful in the high-risk pregnancy with diabetes or preeclampsia etc.
Fetal Monitoring Guidelines and Recommendations
Monitoring can be external or internal. For most cases, external monitoring is enough. The majority of hospitals routinely use electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) for external monitoring.
The average heart rate in fetal monitoring is 110 to 160 beats each minute. This data can be varied by 5-25 beats per minute, depending on the baby’s responses to conditions
in the uterus. An abnormal fetal heart rate may reflect the baby does not get enough oxygen or some other problems.
What are the Methods of Fetal Monitoring?
Generally, there are 3 different methods for fetal monitoring:
Auscultation external monitoring. it is done periodically by placing the transducer/ultrasound probe on the mother's abdomen.
Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM). The mothers will be wrapped with two sensors around their
abdomen, stay still& close to the monitor to record the baby’s heart rate & the length of each contraction.